Zug, is a municipality and a town in Switzerland. The name Zug originates from fishing vocabulary; in the Middle Ages it referred to the right to pull up fishing nets and hence to the right to fish.
The town of Zug is located in the canton of Zug and is the canton's capital. As of 31 December 2015 it had a total population of 29,256 inhabitants.
The official language of Zug is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.
On 27 June 1352, both the town of Zug and the Aeusser Amt entered the Swiss Confederation, the latter being received on exactly the same terms as the town, and not, as was usual in the case of outer districts, as a subject land; but in September 1352, Zug had to acknowledge its own lords again, and in 1355 was obliged to break off its connection with the league. About 1364, the town and the Aeusser Amt were recovered for the league by the men of Schwyz, and from this time Zug took part as a full member in all the acts of the league. In 1379, the Holy Roman Emperor Wenceslaus exempted Zug from all external jurisdictions, and in 1389 the Habsburgs renounced their claims, reserving only an annual payment of 20 silver marks, which came to an end in 1415. In 1400 Wenceslaus gave all criminal jurisdiction to the town only. The Aeusser Amt, in 1404, then claimed that the banner and seal of Zug should be kept in one of the country districts and were supported in this claim by Schwyz. The matter was finally settled in 1412 by arbitration, and the banner was to be kept in the town. Finally in 1415, the right of electing their landammann was given to Zug by the Confederation, and a share in the criminal jurisdiction was granted to the Aeusser Amt by German king Sigismund
Zug Hall was opened in 1950, and was originally known as Zug Memorial Library. Since the construction of the High Library, Zug Hall has become the center for the Fine Arts programs of Elizabethtown College. It now houses multiple practice studios, an art gallery, and administrative offices.
A remnant of the dinosaur age, the lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) population in Michigan is estimated to be about one percent of its former abundance. Over the past century, sturgeon numbers in the Detroit River have been greatly reduced by channelization, loss of coastal wetlands, filling/armoring shorelines, water pollution, and the removal of limestone bedrock that provided important spawning habitat for a multitude of native fishes.
Rhinella marina is an enormous, warty bufonid (true toad) with a SVL (snout-vent length) of 100-238 mm (4-over 9.25 in) (Conant and Collins, 1998; Lever, 2001). Individuals found in the U.S. rarely exceed 178 mm (7 in) (Conant and Collins, 1998). Females may weigh up to 1.5 kg (3.3 lbs) (Conant and Collins, 1998). Large individuals sitting on roadways are easily mistaken for boulders (Lee, 1996). Adult males have more robust forelimbs than adult females (Lee, 2001). These massive brown or dark-mottled toads have a pair of enormous, deeply pitted parotoid glands, each extending from the temporal region of the head, far down the side of the body, well past the axillary region (Lee, 1996; Conant and Collins, 1998; Powell et al., 1998; Lever, 2001; McCranie and Wilson, 2002; McCranie et al. 2006). The call is a low-pitched, staccato trill that is slow and often likened to the sound of a distant tractor (Lee, 1996; Conant and Collins, 1998; Lever, 2001; Savage, 2002; Duellman, 2005). Recordings of the calls of R. marina are available on several CDs (Library of Natural Sounds, 1996; Bogert, 1998; Rivero, 1998). The tadpoles are black dorsally, with a venter (belly) that is silvery white with black spots (Ashton and Ashton, 1988; Lee, 1996; Altig et al. 1998). Tadpoles of R. marina are illustrated in Lee (1996), McKeown (1996), Lever (2001), Savage (2002), and Duellman (2005).