Stans is the capital of the canton of Nidwalden (Nidwald) in Switzerland.
The official language of Stans is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.
In 1798 Stans was stormed by French troops, following the decision of Nidwalden not to adopt the constitution of the Helvetic Republic. Children orphaned by this event were gathered by the educator Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi for his first school. He converted the Convent of St. Klara (built in 1621-1625) into a school for the children. However, he only had the school until the following year when the French Army needed the building and the orphan's school came to a sudden end. In 1814, following the collapse of the Napoleonic Act of Mediation, Nidwalden attempted to return to the Ancien Regime government, with subject lands belonging to the canton. Stans and the rest of Nidwalden only gave up their subject lands when Federal troops marched into the city. Stans and the rest of Nidwalden joined the Sonderbund in 1845 and were involved in the 1847 Sonderbund War.
Esperanza, or 'Yellow Bells' (Tecoma stans) is a relative newcomer among popular, commercially available Texas garden plants. As native shrubs or small trees, Esperanzas could be seen and admired from a great distance in west Texas country landscapes when covered with bright yellow flowers, but the plants were tall and often took too long to come into bloom. Since the introduction of several improved varieties by plant breeders, Esperanzas have been utilized to provide masses of color in the landscape practically throughout the warmer periods of the season.
The original Tecoma stans from northern Mexico and Texas often reached 15 to 20 feet in height, although in regions with frost they were never able to realize their height potential. Esperanza is closely related to desert-willow, catalpa, cross-vine, trumpet-creeper and other members of the Bignoniaceae family.