Fribourg or Freiburg (German, or Freiburg im ?echtland, Swiss German pronunciation: [?frib??r?]; Italian: Friburgo or Friborgo; Romansh: Friburg) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Fribourg and the district La Sarine. It is located on both sides of the river Saane/La Sarine, on the Swiss Plateau, and is an important economic, administrative and educational center on the cultural border between German and French Switzerland (Romandy). Its Old City, one of the best maintained in Switzerland, sits on a small rocky hill above the valley of the Sarine.
After the city was released from the sphere of influence of Savoy, it attained the status of Free Imperial City in 1478. The city and its canton joined the Swiss Confederation in 1481, and has long influenced Swiss and European Catholicism. In the 16th century, Fribourg continued to grow, first following the invasion of Waadtland (Pays de Vaud) in 1536 with the help of Bern, and then in 1554 through the annexation of land formerly controlled by the Count of Greyerz (Gruy?re).
Several prominent families developed as a result of the cloth and leather trade, beginning in the 14th century, including Gottrau, Lanthen, Affry, Diesbach (originally from Bern), Von der Weid, Fegeli, and Weck. Together with the local nobles (the Maggenberg, D?ddingen/Velga, Montenach, Englisberg and Praroman families) they formed the 15th century patrician class. This contributed to the decline of the cloth trade, however, as the families involved in the industry began to be more concerned with governing the city and its surrounding possessions.
Ecology of crops in forage management systems. Utilization of endophyte infested and endophyte free tall fescue in forage systems for beef cattle and equines, and evaluation of non-toxic endophytes in tall fescue. Determination of causative agents for tall fescue toxicosis. Quantification of methane exhalations by ruminants. Management of summer annual grasses, Midland bermudagrass, other forage crops, and pasture renovation with legumes. Probability occurrences of climatic parameters and influence of soil characteristics and properties on crop plant performance.
Study Abroad in Fribourg, Switzerland. Available for two or three UA students. This is a student exchange program. You would continue paying your UA tuition, but you would not have to pay any tuition at the University of Fribourg for a whole year. Keep in mind that French is the dominant language in Fribourg, but German is also spoken often. There are, however, many courses for English students at the University, so language should not be a barrier.
American Society of Agronomy (Fellow, 1973)
Crop Science Society of America (Fellow, 1996)
Professional Member, American Meteorological Society
University of Tennessee 1974?1975 Macebearer
American Forage Grassland Council (National Merit Award, 1977)
Crop Science Society of America 1982?1985 Board of Directors
American Society of Agronomy 1982?1985 Board of Directors
Associate Editor, Crop Science (1986?1989)
Associate Editor, J. Production Agriculture (1986?1991)
Referee, Foundation for Research, Science and Technology, New Zealand
Southern Appalachian Science & Engineering Fair
International Science & Engineering Fair Chair of Judging (1988)
University of Tennessee Faculty Senator
International and proud of its humanist tradition, the University of Fribourg is the image of Switzerland today: modern and multicultural. Its five faculties offer a high level of quality through its commitment to excellence.
Fribourg is also the bilingual university of Switzerland with French and German being the main languages. The many different nationalities of the professors as well as the students make the university a veritable international forum: presently, 20% of the students come from over 100 different countries and 35% of the teachers are from a country other than Switzerland.
The growth in the number of students in the past decade reflects the dynamic nature of the university. It is equipped with modern facilities, such as a well filled library, a self learning language center, reading rooms, a free gym and over 30 sports clubs available to choose from. The university is located in the heart of Fribourg, a picturesque old town at the edge of the Pre-Alps.
In the round table discussion on work-life continuum, Ambassador LeVine and Mr. LeVine shared personal stories and talked about their non-linear career paths. They expressed that career success is based not only on your academic qualifications, but also on the support of one’s family. Other topics discussed where were the changing dynamics in the world in relation to gender equality and gender roles. Ambassador LeVine and Mr. LeVine talked about their roles as parents as an example of how gender roles are changing. At the end of the discussion, students were able to ask questions to Ambassador LeVine and Mr. LeVine on ways to move forward in their respected careers.
An Enterobacter cloacae isolate was recovered from a rectal swab from a patient hospitalized in France with previous travel to Switzerland. It was resistant to penicillins, narrow- and broad-spectrum cephalosporins, aztreonam, and carbapenems but remained susceptible to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins. Whereas PCR-based identification of the most common carbapenemase genes failed, the biochemical Carba NP test II identified an Ambler class A carbapenemase. Cloning experiments followed by sequencing identified a gene encoding a totally novel class A carbapenemase, FRI-1, sharing 51 to 55% amino acid sequence identity with the closest carbapenemase sequences. However, it shared conserved residues as a source of carbapenemase activity. Purified ?-lactamase FRI-1 hydrolyzed penicillins, aztreonam, and carbapenems but spared expanded-spectrum cephalosporins. The 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) of clavulanic acid and tazobactam were 10-fold higher than those found for Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC), IMI, and SME, leading to lower sensitivity of FRI-1 activity to ?-lactamase inhibitors. The blaFRI-1 gene was located on a ca. 110-kb untypeable, transferable, and non-self-conjugative plasmid. A putative LysR family regulator-encoding gene at the 5' end of the ?-lactamase gene was identified, leading to inducible expression of the blaFRI-1 gene.