Dudelange is a commune with town status in southern Luxembourg. It is the fourth-most populous commune, with 19,734 inhabitants. Dudelange is situated close to the border to France.
As of 2015, the town of Dudelange, which lies in the centre of the commune, has a population of 19,734 making it Luxembourg's third-most populous town. The commune also includes the smaller town of Budersberg, to the north-west. The Mont St. Jean, close to Budersberg, hosts the ruins of a medieval castle.
Dudelange is twinned with:
Germany Lauenburg, Germany
Poland Lbork, Poland
France Manom, France
Montenegro Berane, Montenegro
Italy Feltre, Italy
Area: 2,586 sq. km. (999 sq. mi.; about half the size of Rhode Island).
Cities: Capital -- Luxembourg City (pop. 76,600). Other cities -- Esch-sur-Alzette (pop. 28,200), Differdange (pop. 19,000), Dudelange (pop. 17,800).
Terrain: Continuation of Belgian Ardennes in the north, heavily forested and slightly mountainous; extension of French Lorraine plateau in the south, with open, rolling countryside.
Climate: Modified continental, rainy, with mild summers and moderate snowfall in winter.
A study focused on the relationship between emotions and literacy achievements. It begins with a mention of the theoretical contributions which backed up the study. In the Dudelange project survey (4th graders), the following literacy variables are available: word recognition, two different measures for reading comprehension, spelling, vocabulary and structuring. On the emotion side data were collected on: anxiety, test anxiety, school reluctance, stress, stress coping strategies, effort avoiding, zeal, self-concept. In a first step, two indicators were constructed: the first one concerning literacy, the general literacy factor, has been obtained by means of factor analysis. The second one concerns students' emotional situation. Data have been reduced in two ways: by factor and by cluster analysis. With regard to their emotional situation in school, clustering assigns students to one of the following five groups: helplessness, hostility, defense, realism, optimism. Results indicated a strong relationship between both parameters. It concludes with prospects for further research and conclusions drawn concerning both the theory of reading and practical consequences for the everyday work in schools. (Contains 14 references, and 20 tables and 12 figures of data.) (RS)
Nationality: Noun--Luxembourger(s). Adjective--Luxembourgian, Luxembourgish.
Population (2007): 480,222.
Annual growth rate (2007): 1.2%.
Ethnic groups: Celtic base with French and German blend; large communities of ethnic Portuguese, Italians, French, Belgians, and Germans.
Religion: Historically and predominantly Roman Catholic. However, Luxembourgian law forbids the collection of data on religious practices.
Official languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German; English is widely spoken.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance--100%. Literacy--99%.
Health: Life expectancy (2007)--Avg. 79.03 years; males 75.76 years; females 82.52 years. Infant mortality rate (2007)--4.68/1,000.
Labor force (2006): 318,600, of which 126,800 commuted from neighboring countries. European Union institutions employ 8,300. Services (non-financial)--53%, (financial)--11%; commerce--14%; industrial and manufacturing--11%; construction--10%; agriculture--1%.
Unemployment rate (2006): 4.5%, up from 3.9% in 2004 and 4.3% in 2005.